The topography of Tamil Nadu is delightfully varied and diverse. Of the 1,30,058 sq km land area, 17.6 is covered with forest area. These spreads over the plain and on mountain slopes. Dry lands are bestowed with dry-deciduous forests, thorn forests, scrubs and mangroves. The Western Ghats and a few cooler regions are endowed with moist deciduous, wet evergreen forests, shoals and grasslands.
Wildlife of Tamilnadu: Of the total area of Tamil Nadu, about 18 percent is covered with rich and varied flora and fauna. Tamil Nadu has 17 wildlife sanctuaries and 5 national parks, that house a variety of wild animals including tigers, elephants and many other wild animals. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary, Mundanthurai Tiger Sanctuary, Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, Snake Park and Crocodile Bank are the prominent wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of the Tamilnadu state.
Tamilnadu Wildlife Sanctuaries
- Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary
- Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kalakkadu Wildlife Sanctuary
- Mukkurthi National Park
- Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Vedanthangal Bird's Sanctuaries
- Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
- Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai
- Guindy National Park
- Madras Crocodile Bank Trust - Nemmeli
Wildlife Reserves in Tamilnadu
1. Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a protected area named after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who visited the park on October 7, 1961. It is often called "Top slip", a village in the northeast corner of the park which is the main visitor center. This name is derived from the local 19th century practice of sliding Teak timber logs down from the hills. It is located in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi, Valparai and Udumalpet taluks of Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu state, South India. The 108 km National Park is the core area of the 958 km Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, formerly called Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary. It was notified as a sanctuary in 1974 and 108 km2 of its unique habitats at 3 places - Karian Shoal, Grass hills, Manjampatti were notified as National Parks in 1989.
2. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the Jewels of Tamil Nadu. It's famous for elephants (there's an elephant training camp here) but in this pristine 321 sq km of thick forest you'll also see gaur, tiger, sambhar, wild boar, bison, hornbills and mini vets among other things. The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, now also declared a Tiger Reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about 160 km (99 mi) north-west of Coimbatore in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in South India. Mudumalai, which means "First Hills", is one of the first wildlife sanctuaries established in India. The sanctuary is divided into 5 ranges - Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota.
3. Vedanthangal - Birds Sanctuary
Vedanthangal is a major water-bird sanctuary, situated in the Kanchipuram district near Chennai, Tamilnadu. In all 115 species of birds have been recorded in this sanctuary. This sanctuary for water and other migratory birds has come up around a village tank that is surrounded by a grove of trees. It is a haven for migratory birds such as herons, egrets, sandpipers, white ibis, spoonbills, swans and gray wagtails among others. There is also a sizeable population of resident breeding water birds. Between October–February is the season to visit Vedanthangal.
4. Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR), situated in an extensive preserve as "Tiger Project Reserve", Southern Western Ghats in Tirunelveli district, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the second largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State. This reserve was created in 1988 by combining Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary (251 km) and Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary (567 km), both established in 1962. Notification of 77 km of parts of Veerapuli and Kilamalai Reserve Forests in adjacent Kanyakumari district, added to the reserve in April 1996, is pending. A 400 km2 (154.4 sq mi) core area of this reserve has been proposed as a National Park.
5. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary (PCWBS) is a 21.47-square-kilometre (8.29 sq mi) protected area in Tamil Nadu, South India along the Palk Straight where it meets the Bay of Bengal at Point Calimere at the southeastern tip of Nagapattinam District, comprising forests of tidal swamps, dry evergreen forests and mangroves. The sanctuary was created in 1967 for conservation of the near threatened Blackbuck Antelope, an endangered endemic mammal species of India. It is famous for large congregations of water birds, especially Greater Flamingos.
Tamilnadu Wildlife Sanctuaries Map
How to Reach Tamil Nadu
By Air : The Anna International Airport, 16 km south of Chennai, has flights to / from Sri Lanka, Dubai, Germany,
Jakarta, Malaysia, UK, Maldives, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore.
By Rail : The railway station at Chennai has connecting trains to / from all major cities in India.
By Road : The entire Tamilnadu state is connected through an extensive network of medalled roads.
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