Tamil Nadu has many amazing historical monuments, which attract tourists from all over the world. Tamil Nadu has a vast ritual of olden times and traditions. In antique, early medieval and medieval period, a number of monarchs ruled over the Tamil land. Many of those sovereigns were very loving of sculpture and structural design and gave liberal support to men of mails, sculptors, designers and performers. This saw the Tamil land becoming a center of many gorgeous and astonishing monuments, which magnetize visitors from all around the globe. These monuments speak volumes about the creative dexterities and superiority of the designers of that era. The shrines with their overlooking gopurams and the rock cut temples leave the enthusiasts unexplainable.
Tamilnadu Monuments can be categorized into two groups, chronological monuments and spiritual monuments. Several houses ruled over the region from the earliest era. Those rulers were the clients of sculpture and assembled lots of chronological testimonials. The early and medieval era monuments still exist in these prefectures and are good-looking and incredible. The Monuments of Tamilnadu symbolize the distinction of sculptors of the ruling empire of that epoch. It is a ground of well-built spiritual credence that encompasses diverse sacred clusters. The major religious monuments constructed in the state from the ancient period were temples. The obscure sculptures of the temples, such as, the beautifully carved walls, amazing sanctum and the huge mandapa are the main features of the spiritual tombstones of Tamil Nadu.
Famous Monuments in Tamilnadu
- Arjunas Penance Mahabalipuram
- Genji / Gingee Fort
- Padmanabhapuram Palace
- Rock Fort Temple
- Brihadeswara Temple
- Bharathiyar Illam, Chennai
- Thirumalai Nayak Mahal Madurai
- Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple
- Gangaikonda Cholapuram
- Erumbeeswarar Temple, Thiruverumbur
Historical Monuments in Tamilnadu
1. Arjunas Penance Mahabalipuram
Mahabalipuram has a strong historical background that dates back more than 2000 years. The group of monuments at Mahabalipuram includes temples and the great architectural buildings that were made by carving hard rocks. These structures are massive and beautiful. Mahabalipuram heritage site was once the seaport of the ancient Pallava Dynasty & today it has about forty monuments that include one of the largest open-air bas-relief in the world. The Mahabalipuram seaport traded with distant kingdoms of Asia.
2. Gingee Fort - Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort, a perfect specimen of military architecture is located in Vellore, 130-km away from Chennai and 10-km from Katpadi. Sinna Bomma Reddi a vessel chieftain under the Vijayanagar kings, Sada Sriranga Maharaja, built this historical fort in the 16th century. This fortress is the mute witness of many historic sieges and battles. The fort is situated on the Palor riverbank. The outer length of the fort is about 2,500 feet and 1,500 feet in breadth. The height of the outer wall is about 30 feet and the breadth is about 25 feet.
3. Padmanabhapuram Palace
The ancient and majestic Padmanabhapuram Palace, an epitome of Kerala architecture, which dates back to the 17th century is located in the town of Padmanabhapuram and is its main claim to fame. The Archaeological Survey Of India now maintains the palace. The rulers of Travancore, a princely state for over 400 years, which included a good part of present-day Kerala and part of western Tamil Nadu, ruled from this palace, replete with outstanding wood carvings, stone sculptures and fantastic murals.
4. Rock Fort Temple, Trichy
The Rockfort temple in Tiruchirappalli is a collection of three temples, the Manikka Vinayagar temple and Uchhi Pillayar Kovil at the top of the hill and the Taayumaanava Kovil (Shivastalam) on the hill. This Shivastalam is a rock cut temple on a hill in the most prominent landmark in Trichy; reached by a flight of steps on the way to the famous Ucchi Pillayar temple. There is a rock cut Pallava temple - Lalitankura Pallaveswaram in this hill temple, with several inscriptions here attributed to Mahendravarma Pallavan.
5. Bharathiyar Illam, Chennai
One of the greatest Tamil poets, Subramanya Bharathi (also spelt as Bharti) was born in Ettayapuram (around 600-km from Chennai), in 1882. He was skilled enough to write verse even at the early age of seven. The last years of his life were spent in a house in Triplicane, Chennai. This house was bought and renovated by the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1993 and named "Bharathiyar Illam" (Home of Bharathiyar). It is a must-see place for those eager to know more about one of the greatest Indian poets ever.
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