Tamilnadu Cultural Dances
Tamil Nadu has a rich history of art of entertainment. The three modes of entertainment classified as Iyal (Literature), Isai (Music) and Nadagam (Drama) had their roots in the rural folk theatre like Theru Koothu (Street play). Many forms of group and individual dances with the classical forms for popularity and sheer entertainment value. Tamilnadu, a southern state in India has a vital role in creating new dances and dancers.
The traditional dances of Tamilnadu such as Bharatanatyam, Karagattam, Mayilattam etc. has earned loads of name and fame throughout the world. This southern state has crafted the most celebrated folk dances of the world. Such folk dances are performed mostly during the local carnival celebration by the neighborhood people. Among the several folk dances of Tamil Nadu, the well-liked dances are Karagattam, Kummi and Mayilattam.
List of Tamil Nadu Dance Information
- Peacock Dance
Traditional Dances of Tamilnadu
1. Bharata Natyam
The famous Bharata Natyam, originates from the state of Tamil Nadu in South India and is one of the oldest and most popular dance styles in India. The word "Bharata Natyam" is a combination of many various attributes, that complete the dance form. These attributes are :- Bharata Natyam = Bhava (expression) + Raga (musical mode) + Tala (rhythm) Natyam (dance). Bharata Natyam is directly derived from the devotional dances performed in the temples of South India from the tenth century to the middle of this century. This form of dance has been carried by 'nattuvanars' and ritualistic dancers called devadasis, in the temples of south India.
Karagam is a dance performed in praise of the rain goddess Mari Amman and river goddess Gangai Amman. This elderly folk dance of Tamilnadu is performed by balancing a pot on the head. The pot is usually decorated with flowers and a plastic parrot mounts on the floral arrangement. This dance is popular all over Tamilnadu although the origin is Thanjavur. Most artistes hail from Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Madurai and Salem. Karagattam is performed as a group typically. This dance form involves spectacular acts like dancing on plates, climbing ladders, bowing to take the kerchief in their mouth with the pot mounted on their heads.
Oyil means beauty. This dance is hence the dance of beauty. This dance is prevalent in the south districts and Kongu Nadu in particular. First a few people will stand in a row and start dancing with rhythmic steps with musical accompaniment. Intricate steps are used in martial arts, such as Silambattam. Then gradually the row will become longer as the new comers and guests all join and dance along as they like. The dancers wear ankle-bells. Normally, the dance is performed with the accomplishment of musical instruments and songs. It is performed near the temples or public places in the morning & evening hours, at times even till midnight.
Kummi is one of the most ancient dances of Tamil Nadu. This music-free dance is performed by women standing in a circle and they create music by clapping their hands rhythmically. No other musical instruments are used in this dance except the ankle-bells. It is mainly danced during temple festivals. The first line of the song is sung by the lady who leads the dance while others repeat it. Stories and episodes centering around Murugan and Valli are depicted in the songs. As one of the rare folk art forms of ancient Tamil nadu, this is being practiced now by the Telugu speaking people of the northern districts.
Kolattam is an ancient village art. This is mentioned in Kanchipuram as "Cheivaikiyar Kolattam", which proves its antiquity. This is performed by women only, with two sticks held in each hand, beaten to make a rhythmic noise. Pinnal Kolattam is danced with ropes which the women hold in their hands, the other of which are tied to a tall pole. With planned steps, the women skip over each other, which forms intricate lace-like patterns in the ropes. As colored ropes are used, this lace looks extremely attractive. Again, they unravel this lace reversing the dance steps. This is performed for ten days, starting with the New moon night after Diwali festival.
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